Abu SimbelValley Of The WhalesSteam Ship Sudan CruiseWady El-KebashSt. Catherine, SinaiMena House GolfThe SphinxCairoWhite DesertTemple Of HatshepsutBibliotheca AlexandrinaAswanEgypt, Land of Mystery
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About Egypt

Egypt officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in North Africa that includes the Sinai Peninsula, a land bridge to Asia.

Covering an area of about 1,001,450 square kilometers (386,560 square miles), Egypt borders Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east. The northern coast borders the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern coast borders the Red Sea.

Egypt is One of the Most Populous Countries in Africa.

The vast majority of its estimated 78 million people (2007) live near the banks of the Nile River (about 40,000 km² or 15,450 sq miles) where the only arable agricultural land is found.[1] Large areas of land form part of the Sahara Desert and are sparsely inhabited.

Around half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with the majority spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.

Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Pyramids and the Great Sphinx; the southern city of Luxor contains a particularly large number of ancient artifacts such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Today, Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural centre of the Middle East.



Egypt travel locations

For centuries, travelers have made the pilgrimage to Egypt, a wondrous land of contrasts, quenching their desire for adventure, mystery, history and romance. Egypt is a land that captivates, enthralls and entices. Ancient monuments that have withstood the tests of time watch as the eternal waters of the Nile flow through pristine green valleys. Endless desert gives way to miraculous oases and flawless seaside retreats. Sakkara Travel Group invites you to accept our offer to be your special guide on a journey that will tantalize your senses and create an unforgettable memory you will treasure for a lifetime.

Cairo  

            » Pyramids of Giza              » Cheops Pyramid

            » Chephren Pyramid           » Mykerinus Pyramid

            » Sphinx                                » Sakkara Pyramids

            » Memphis                                       » Pyramids of Abu Sir

            » Dahshour Pyramids                    » Egyptian Museum

            » Coptic Cairo                                  » Salah el Din Citadel

            » Sultan Hassan Mosque    » Ibn Tulun Mosque

            » Gayer-Anderson House  » Khan el Khalili

            » Al-Azhar Mosque             » El Hakim Mosque

            » Bait as-Suhaymi               » Bait Gamalud'din

            » Wakalat El-Ghouri            » Islamic Cairo

            » Sound and Light Shows

Alexandria     

            » Greco-Roman Museum   » Alexandria National Museum

            » Bibliotheca Alexandrina   » Pompey’s Pillar

            » Catacombs                         » Roman Amphitheatre

            » Fortress of Qait Bey         » Abu El-Abbas El Moursi Mosque

            » Sook El-Attareen

Luxor

            » Karnak Temple                                                     » Luxor Temple

            » Dendara Temple                                                   » The Valley of the Artisans

            » The Valley of the Kings                                       » The Valley of the Nobles

            » The Valley of the Queens                                   » The Colossi of Memnon

            » Hatshepsut Temple at Deir El Bahari              » Sound and Light Shows

Aswan

            » Philae Temple                                          » Kalabsha Temple

            » Aswan High Dam                                     » Granite Quarries

            » The Agha Khan Mausoleum                  » Sound and Light Shows

Abu Simbel & Lake Nasser

            » Abu Simbel                                                » Amada Temple

            » Wadi Seboua temple                               » Fortress of Kasr Ibrim

Fayoum Oasis

            » The Temple of Sobek                     » Temple of Stones

            » Pyramid of Hawara                        » Pyramid of Maidum

Sharm El Sheikh

            » Ras Mohamed                               » The Colored Canyon

            » Mount Moses & Sainte Catherine's Monastery

Western Desert Oasis

            » Western Desert Oasis

Language

For almost 13 centuries Arabic has been the written and spoken language of Egypt. Before the Arab invasion in AD 639, Coptic, the language descended from ancient Egyptian, was the language of both religious and everyday life for the mass of the population; by the 12th century, however, it had been totally replaced by Arabic, continuing only as a liturgical language for the Coptic Orthodox Church. Arabic has become the language of both the Egyptian Christian and Muslim. The written form of the Arabic language, in grammar and syntax, has remained substantially unchanged since the 7th century. In other ways, however, the written language has changed the modern forms of style, word sequence, and phraseology are simpler and more flexible than in classical Arabic and are often directly derivative of English or French.


Major Religions

Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94%, Coptic Christian and other 6%


Egyptian Honour

Honour is an important facet of interpersonal relationships.

Respect and esteem for people is both a right and an obligation.

An individual's honour is intricately entwined with the reputation and honour of everyone in their family.

Honour requires that Egyptians demonstrate hospitality to friends and guests.

It also dictates that people dress as well as their financial circumstances allow, and show proper respect and deference to their elders and those in authority.

A man's word is considered his bond and to go back on your word is to bring dishonour to your family.

Social Class

Social class is very apparent in Egypt since it determines your access to power and position.

The social class an Egyptian is born into dictates their everyday life and the opportunities they will have.

There are three social classes: upper, middle, and lower. Status is defined more by family background than by absolute wealth.

There is little social mobility.


Age Structure

0-14 years: 33% (male 13,308,407/female 12,711,900)
15-64 years: 62.7% (male 25,138,546/female 24,342,230)
65 years and over: 4.3% (male 1,546,774/female 1,818,778) (2009 est.)

Birth Rate : 25.43 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Definition: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.

Population Growth Rate: 2.033% (2009 est.)

Definition: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries

Death Rate: 4.88 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

Definition: This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.


Male & Female Life Expectancy

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.12 years

male: 69.56 years

female: 74.81 years (2009 est.)

Definition: This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures


Fertility Rate:

Total fertility rate: 3.05 children born/woman (2009 est.)

Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.


Infant mortality Rate:

Total: 27.26 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 28.93 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 25.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Definition: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.

Labor force

Egypt's civilian labor force increased from 14.8 million in 1990 to 16.8 million in 1994, to about 20.6 million in 2001. In 1999, an estimated 29% of the workforce was employed in agriculture, 49% in services, and 22% in industry. Unemployment was estimated at 12% in 2001



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